Input: Yu Pin
Source: By Guo Kai and Li Danqing | chinadaily.com.cn |
Tourists visit Badachu Park decorated with red lanterns in Beijing, on Oct 2, 2019. [Photo/Xinhua]
Editor's note: 2020 will be a wonderful year to our nation. As the first year of the new decade, this year has opened an era of historical significance. So what will happen in 2020? Let's take a look at the major events that are expected to take place!
1. China will become an all-around well-off society in 2020. A "well-off society" does not only mean a society that provides people with food and clothing, but one that is marked by economic, political, cultural and social prosperity, as well as a good environment. China's gross domestic product is expected to near 100 trillion yuan ($14.36 trillion), and all impoverished populations in rural regions will be lifted out of poverty.
2. 5G technology will be applied and utilized in a wide range of sectors this year, enabling development of the internet of things, virtual reality, augmented reality and the industrial internet. While the internet of vehicles and driverless cars are considered one of the immediate applications of 5G technology, fields such as manufacturing, energy, public security, healthcare and finance have enormous potential for 5G.
3. High school education will be made universal across China in 2020, while the gross enrollment rate of nationwide high schools will reach 90 percent. Children attending public kindergartens or affordable private ones will account for 80 percent of all preschoolers by 2020, and the gross enrollment rate of kindergartens is expected to hit the 85-percent mark.
4. The China Satellite Navigation Office plans to position two more Beidou satellites into the geostationary orbit in the first half of 2020 to finish the deployment of all of Beidou's space-based assets. Beidou is one of the world's four space-based navigation networks, along with the United States' GPS, Russia's GLONASS and the European Union's Galileo. Currently, there are 46 Beidou satellites in service.
5. China's space station will welcome aboard nine international scientific projects from 17 countries covering a wide range of research areas, including space life sciences and biotechnology, microgravity physics and astronomy in 2020.
6. China plans to build at least 4,000 kilometers of new railway lines this year, including 2,000 km of high-speed lines. In 2020, measures will continue to be taken to bolster areas of weakness in the nation's railway infrastructure, for example, construction of the Sichuan-Tibet Railway.
7. Major space exploration missions scheduled for 2020 include China's first Mars mission, which aims to place a rover on the Martian surface, and the Chang'e 5 mission, which aims to bring lunar samples back to Earth.
8. Seawater rice, developed by agricultural scientist Yuan Longping and his team, is expected to be approved for extensive cultivation in 2020. Also known as saline-alkali tolerant rice, the new rice strain is designed to grow in tidal flats or areas with heavy salt content.
9. As more new naval vessels, such as guided-missile destroyer Type 055 and aircraft carrier Shandong, advanced aircraft such as the J-20 and J-16 and other military equipment are commissioned in the People's Liberation Army, the armed force will become more powerful. The two aircraft carrier groups will form combat capability.
10. China has upheld AI as a key cornerstone to drive the next phase of growth, unleashing a series of policies in the past two years to bolster the sector's development. The guiding New Generation AI Development Plan has set 2030 as the year for accomplishing the global AI lead, with a bevy of milestones to be reached by the end of 2020.
11. It will be easier for people to get access to household registration, or hukou, in cities in 2020, as China has issued a guideline to enable the easier flow of labor. The guideline calls for urban cities with a residential population of less than 3 million to set no threshold for household registration and cities with an urban population of 3 million to 5 million also will relax restrictions.
12. About 85 percent of patients in China will receive medical service within their counties. The country will take measures to improve medical services and explore databases to form an integrated system to ensure that 90 percent of patients receive proper medical service within a county.